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Formatlive Assessment: What is it

According to (Popham, 2008) . . . .

Formative assessment is a process used by teachers and students during instruction

that provides feedback to adjust ongoing teaching and learning to improve students'

achievement of intended instructional out comes. (p. 5)

Popham, J. W. (2008). Transformative assessment. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development


Attribute

Formative Assessment

Summative Assessment

Aim of the assessment

- aim to develop student learning

- goal is to improve student learning

Milnes, J. (2006). Assessment testing. In their hands. T.H.E. Journal

-Formative: " . . . intended to assist a student (teacher) in improving a student's capability." (p. 73) Hunt, E. & Pellegrion, J.W. (2002). Issues, examples, and challenges in formative assessment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning

-Teachers use formative assessment to improve instructional methods and student feedback throughout the teaching and learning process . . .

- The results are used to modify and validate instruction.

Grimm, N. (april 2, 2010). How to use classroom assessment techniques in your classroom. Ecology of Education

aim is to measure student learning

- summarize student learning at some point in time

Milnes, J. (2006). Assessment testing. In their hands. T.H.E. Journal

- evaluate a student's capabilities at a particular time" (p. 73)

Hunt, E. & Pellegrion, J.W. (2002). Issues, examples, and challenges in formative assessment. New Directions for Teaching and Learning.

-evaluate the effectiveness of instructional programs and services at the end of an academic year or a pre-determined time

-goal of summative assessments is to make a judgement of student competency after an instructional phase is complete . . . .

- Summative evaluations are used to determine if students have mastered specific competencies and to identify instructional areas that need additional attention


Process
- Formative assessment needs to take place during during

- Formative assessment is an on-going set of assessments, reviews, and observations in a classroom (Grimm, N., April 2, 2010)


Best Practice Integrating
Technology
Formative Process
- Advice is to avoid ". . . simply buying additional technological bells and whistles, educators should clearly define why and how technology will further the formative assessment process and enhance student learning."



Rationale for Using Technology to Enhance Formative Assessment


Milnes (2006) describes the following reasons for enhancing formative assessment with technology. He recommends using technology to:

  • to provide "feed information back to students in ways that enable the students to learn better;

  • eliminated the drudgery of assessment

  • assessing students more accurately, efficiently, and quickly

  • make evaluating student skills unobtrusive and easy

  • individualized assessment

  • immediate nature of the assessment

  • create virtual real-time picture of which students need helps, where they need it, and how the teachers can help them best

  • easy of tabulation and re-organization of the data (data mining)

Grimm (April 2, 2010) describes the following reason for enhancing formative assessment with technology. He recommends using technology to embed assessment into instruction and provide immediate feedback.



Key point to Keep in Mind When Enhancing Formative Assessment with Technology

  • Decide what you want to learn from the assessments

  • Set goals - have long-terms goals and assess regularly

  • Explain the purposes of the activity to students

  • Keep assessments anonymous (depend on author). Do not grade assessments

  • Present your results to class

  • Focus on areas where students are falling behind.